- Islas Orcadas
- R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer
- Polar Duke
- Dry Valley Drilling Project
- Other Publications
“ANDRILL (ANtarctic DRILLing Project) is a scientific drilling project in Antarctica gathering information about past periods of global warming and cooling. The project involves scientists from Germany, Italy, New Zealand, and the United States. At two sites in 2006 and 2007, ANDRILL team members drilled through ice, seawater, sediment and rock to a depth over more than 1,200 m and recovered a virtually continuous core record from the present to nearly 20 million years ago. The project is based at McMurdo Station in Antarctica”
“The final phase of operation of the US National Science Foundation research vessel, USNS Eltanin, was under the terms of an agreement between agencies of the governments of the US and the Republic of Argentina. Renamed ARA Islas Orcadas and operated by the Argentine Naval Hydrographic Service, the ship collected more than 2100 m of sediment cores and other specimens from the South Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean over a five-year period. These materials were shipped to Florida State University for processing and description, and from them have been distributed more than 27,000 samples to investigators worldwide. ”
“The RV Laurence M. Gould is an icebreaker used by researchers from the United States’ National Science Foundation for research in the Southern Ocean. The vessel is named after Laurence McKinley Gould a widely recognized American scientist, who had explored both the Arctic and Antarctic. He was second in command of Admiral Richard E. Byrd’s first expedition to Antarctica from 1928 to 1930. He also helped to set up an exploration base at Little America on the Ross Ice Shelf at the Bay of Whales”
The Nathaniel B. Palmer is an ice-capable research ship owned by Offshore Service Vessels LLC, operated by Edison Chouest Offshore, Inc. and chartered by the United States National Science Foundation. The Nathaniel B. Palmer is tasked with extended scientific missions in the Antarctic. The Nathaniel B. Palmer was purpose-built for and delivered to the NSF by Edison Chouest Offshore’s North American Shipbuilding facility in 1992.
The vessel is named after merchant mariner and ship builder Nathaniel Brown Palmer, credited by some historians with the discovery of Antarctica.
Polar Duke was chartered by the National Science Foundation for use in support of the United States Antarctic Program (USAP) from January 1985 until June 1997. The “Duke” transported supplies and personnel between Palmer Station, Antarctica and the port of Punta Arenas, Chile, on the Strait of Magellan, for 13 years, providing seagoing and shore-based research support in waters and islands in the Drake Passage and around the Antarctic Peninsula. In November 1997 Polar Duke was replaced in its role with USAP by the ice strengthened Lawrence M. Gould.
Eltanin, under the direction of the National Science Foundation, and operated by the Military Sea Transportation Service, worked the Antarctic Ocean, becoming the first Antarctic research ship to do so. After two shakedown cruises in the Atlantic Ocean and a positioning cruise with further testing en route, Eltanin operated a total of 52 Antarctic research cruises from July 5, 1962 thru December 29, 1972. Over this time, some 80% of the southern ocean was surveyed, and a total of 400,000 miles traveled.
The Dry Valleys Drilling Project (DVDP) was predominately an international project between scientists from New Zealand, the US, and Japan, which drilled 14 holes in the Dry Valleys of Antarctica (especially Lake Vanda, Don Juan Pond, Lake Vida, Lake Fryxell, Lake Bonney, New Harbour, Marble Point, Lake Leon and North Fork), on Ross Island (Cape Evans, Cape Royds, Cape Barne), McMurdo Sound, the Walcott Glacier, and with test holes near McMurdo Station. The areas investigated have a series of independent analyses of Antarctic Geochronology, Paleoclimatology, and Paleomagnetism.